Commit 19577671 authored by René Jochum's avatar René Jochum

Add post gitlab runner docker with systemd

Signed-off-by: René Jochum's avatarRené Jochum <rene@jochums.at>
parent 24a789cd
---
date: 2018-04-17T22:54:00+02:00
title: gitlab-runner docker with debian systemd
author: pcdummy
tags:
- HOWTO
- Debian
- Gitlab
- Docker
---
An howto on systemd with a Debian stretch/buster docker container and Gitlab.
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Find all code on Github [stretch](https://github.com/pcdummy/proxmox-dockerfiles/tree/master/stretch-systemd) and [buster](https://github.com/pcdummy/proxmox-dockerfiles/tree/master/buster-systemd).
### Debian Stretch
This didn't work at all with systemd from Debian stretch, but as i knew from my LXD experience systemd in stretch is buggy with containers,
so i tried systemd from [stretch-backports](https://github.com/pcdummy/proxmox-dockerfiles/blob/master/stretch-systemd/Dockerfile#L18) which worked well.
Now to have systemd finaly working in a stretch container you need to mount a tmpfs into /run and /run/lock else systemd tries to mount those - fails with permission denied and freezes.
Also you need to bind-mount cgroups into the stretch container (doing that as "volume").
This is the full line to run a Debian 9 container with systemd from backports:
```
docker run -d -it --mount type=tmpfs,destination=/run --mount type=tmpfs,destination=/run/lock -v /sys/fs/cgroup:/sys/fs/cgroup:ro <image>
```
### Debian Buster
It's same as with stretch but no backports.
### Gitlab-runner for both
Ok, so we found out that we need:
- a tmpfs /run
- a tmpfs /run/lock
- cgroup bind-mount
gitlab-runner does volumes which means the bind-mount is easy to solve, but what about the tmpfs mounts?
After a while a found a feature they call [Mounting a directory in RAM](https://docs.gitlab.com/runner/executors/docker.html#mounting-a-directory-in-ram), which is nothing else than a mount of a tmpfs :)
This means we need to add the following to **/etc/gitlab-runner/config.toml**:
```toml
[runners.docker]
volumes = ["/sys/fs/cgroup:/sys/fs/cgroup:ro", "/cache"]
[runners.docker.services_tmpfs]
"/run" = "rw"
"/run/lock" = "rw"
```
Easy, isn't it?
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